Process Control Tech Note 03 - TNPC03
The expected operation of the IRMA is dependent upon completing the proper field calibration procedure. During certain steps of the calibration procedure, the input resistance must be adjusted so the output current is driven to the required 4mA or 20mA. The problem exhibited is the output stays at either 3.6mA (low end calibration) or 20.5mA (high end calibration) even as the input resistance is adjusted to fine-tune the output current for the 4mA or 20mA targets.
Cause of the Problem
It seems that too many users do not have the required adjustable resistance source to field scale the units for the required scaling points. The scaling problem arises when a potentiometer is used as a substitute for the adjustable resistance source. Obviously there is no indication of the resistance developed as the wiper is adjusted, thus an ohm meter is connected across the input
and common terminals of the IRMA. Herein lies the problem. When the ohm meter is used to measure the resistance of the potentiometer as it is adjusted, itís excitation supply conflicts with the excitation supply of the IRMA. Because of this, the output rails at one end or the other and does not vary as the input potentiometer is adjusted.
If an adjustable resistance source is not available and a potentiometer is substituted (which is acceptable), do not connect an ohm meter across the input and common of the IRMA. The resistance of the potentiometerís wiper must be measured and adjusted for the low end scaling point before it is connected to the IRMA. Once connected to the unit, the pot is used to fine-tune the low end scaling point. Then the potentiometer must be removed from the IRMA, readjusted for the high end scaling ohm value and then reconnected to the IRMA to complete the fine-tuning of high end scaling point.
Corrective Action Implementation
The following procedure utilizes almost the entire Field Calibration procedure from the IRMA manual with only a few alterations (italic steps).
For this procedure, we will use the following parameter points as an example. 4mA at 32°F and 20mA at 300°F. We require two fluke meters, one will measure the ohm value of the potentiometer and the other is connected to the 4-20mA output terminals of the IRMA. Utilizing RTD look-up tables for an RTD385, we have determined the resistance at 32°F (0°C) is 100Ω and 300°F (149°C) is 157Ω. A 1KΩ potentiometer can be used.
1. Referring to Figure 1, connect a jumper wire between terminal #7 to terminal #8. (This connects the resistance source to the input terminals).
2. Referring to Figure 2, set DIP switches #4-off, #6-off, #7-on & #8-off, which defines RTD alpha = 0.00385 and Range 2. Allow a 45-minute warm-up period.
3. Wire the current meterís positive lead to terminal 1 and the negative lead to terminal 3. (For loop powered IRMA, see Tech Note TNPC04)
4. Referring to Figure 3, set the FIELD CAL switch (#2) ON. (Output goes to 3.5 mA nominal)
5. Referring to Figure 4, connect the negative probe of the ohmmeter to one side of the potentiometer and the positive probe of the meter to the wiper of the pot. Adjust the pot until 100Ω is achieved (low-end scaling point).
6. Referring to Figure 5, carefully disconnect the pot from the ohm meter and connect to the IRMA. The wiper of the potentiometer connects to terminal 8 and the side of the pot that was connected to the negative probe of the ohm meter in Step 5 connects to terminal 9. (The ohm meter probes should not be connected to the IRMA).
7. Set the OUTPUT CAL switch (#1) ON, see Figure 6. (Output stays at 3.5 mA)
8. Adjust the potentiometer until the analog output equals 4 mA.
9. Set the OUTPUT CAL switch (#1) OFF, see Figure 7. (Output increases to 22.5 mA).
10. Referring to Figure 8, remove the potentiometer from the IRMA and reconnect the ohm meter to the pot. Positive probe of the ohm meter to the wiper of the pot and the negative probe to the side of the pot used in Step 5. Adjust the potentiometer until 157Ω is displayed on the ohmmeter (high-end scaling point).
11. Carefully disconnect the pot from the ohm meter and reconnect to the IRMA. The wiper of the potentiometer connects to terminal 8 and the one side of the pot that was connected to the negative probe of the ohm meter in Step 5 connects to terminal 9. (The ohmmeter probes should not be connected to the IRMA).
12. Set the OUTPUT CAL switch (#1) ON, see Figure 9. (Output decreases to 20.7 mA).
13. Adjust the potentiometer until the analog output equals 20 mA.
14. Set the OUTPUT CAL switch (#1) OFF, see Figure 10.
15. Set the FIELD CAL switch (#2) OFF, see Figure 11.
16. Referring to Figure 12, disconnect the potentiometer from the IRMA and connect the actual sensor (RTD) to be used in the application. If using a 2-wire RTD, you may leave the jumper wire between terminals 7 & 8. If using a 3-wire or 4-wire RTD, the jumper wire between terminals 7 & 8 must be removed.
It is the customer's responsibility to review the advice provided herein and its applicability to the system. Red Lion makes no representation about specific knowledge of the customer's system or the specific performance of the system. Red Lion is not responsible for any damage to equipment or connected systems. The use of this document is at your own risk. Red Lion standard product warranty applies.
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